FreeSwitch MetaSwitch HowTo

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Contents

MetaSwitch HowTo Assumptions

  1. This HowTo assumes that you have working and configured MetaSwitch, know the appropriate hostnames/IP's and have configuration access to said switch.
  2. This HowTo was created using MetaSwitch software version 6.1.
  3. A Media Gateway Model named "FreeSwitch" has been created with the following options checked (These just seem to be working for me, additional suggestions would be welcome):
    Signaling settings
    Support high-bandwidth media formats
    G.711 u-law
    G.711 A-law
    Supported low-bandwidth media formats
    G.726 32kbps
    Preferred low-bandwidth media formats
    G.726 32kbps
    Packetization interval: 20
    Fix bits (MGCP, MeGaCo, SIP)
    Cannot be hub
    Simple contexts
    Cannot play ringback
    Connections always receive
    Cannot report detection of call-type discrimination tones
    Requires out-of-band DTMF for all codecs
    Fix bits (SIP)
    Supports SDP connectivity requests
    Use E164 numbers
    Expects unsolicited message waiting notifications
    Expects unsolicited Call List notifications
    Suppress superfluous 18x responses
    Include transport parameter in From header
    May loop calls back to MetaSwitch
    Supports receiving SIP Reason header
    Route CANCELs using contact details

MetaSwitch Limitations

None known.


Using FreeSwitch downstream from a MetaSwitch (individual lines)

MetaSwitch Configuration

Configure a SIP line as usual. Make note of the directory number, username if not using the DN and password. If you Media Gateway Model is named as suggested above, use "Drived from SIP User Agent," otherwise select the MGM you've built for FreeSwitch. Be sure to set the correct port (default is 5080 for external SIP profiles in FreeSwitch) and set "Use DN for identification" to true.

FreeSwitch Configuration

  • Sofia External Profile:
<include>
  <gateway name="MetaSwitch">
    <param name="debug" value="0"/>
    <param name="username" value="username"/>
    <param name="realm" value="MetaSwitch-IP"/>
    <param name="password" value="password"/>
    <param name="register" value="true"/>
    <param name="dtmf-type" value="rfc2833"/>
  </gateway>
</include>
(conf/sip_profiles/external/MetaSwitch.xml)

After a FreeSwitch restart or mod_sofia reload, the FreeSwitch user should show up as registered in the MetaSwitch.

FreeSwitch Dialplan Examples

  • This dialplan transfers all incoming calls to extension 5000. Be sure to replace 5555555555 with the DN assigned to the SIP user.
<include>
  <extension name="MetaSwitch_Inbound">
    <condition field="destination_number" expression="^5555555555$">
      <action application="set" data="domain_name=$${domain}"/>
      <action application="transfer" data="5000 XML default"/>
    </condition>
  </extension>
</include>
(conf/dialplan/public/01_MetaSwitch_Inbound.xml)
  • This dialplan transfers all 1+10 digit or 10 digit calls to the MetaSwitch.
<include>
  <extension name="MetaSwitch_Outbound">
    <condition field="destination_number" expression="^(1{0,1}\d{10})$">
      <action application="bridge" data="sofia/gateway/MetaSwitch/$1"/>
    </condition>
  </extension>
</include>
(conf/dialplan/default/00_MetaSwitch_Outbound.xml)


Using FreeSwitch downstream from a MetaSwitch (PBX)

MetaSwitch Configuration

  • Create a "Configured SIP Binding." Be sure to set "Use DN for identification" or DID will not work properly.
    • Note the username and password assigned.
    • "Usage:" should be set to "Subscriber."
    • SIP domain name should be the IP of the MetaSwitch call agent.
    • Contact IP address should be the IP of your FreeSwitch.
    • Double check the port number (if FS is configured as default this should be 5080).
    • Set the Media Gateway model to the one created for FreeSwitch.
  • Create a PBX on the MetaSwitch, selecting the "Configured SIP Binding" just created.
    • Note the "Default number of DID digits" (the number of digits of the called number that the MetaSwitch will forward to the SIP Binding).
    • Create any DID number ranges desired.

FreeSwitch Configuration

  • Sofia External Profile:
<include>
  <gateway name="MetaSwitch">
    <param name="debug" value="0"/>
    <param name="username" value="username"/>
    <param name="realm" value="MetaSwitch-IP"/>
    <param name="password" value="password"/>
    <param name="register" value="false"/>
    <param name="dtmf-type" value="rfc2833"/>
  </gateway>
</include>
(conf/sip_profiles/external/MetaSwitch.xml)

After a FreeSwitch restart or mod_sofia reload, the configured SIP binding in the MetaSwitch should go out of alarm.

FreeSwitch Dialplan Examples

  • This dialplan works on the DID spill of the incoming call, transferring them to internal extensions.
    • Be sure to use the correct number of digits, as set in the PBX configured on the MetaSwitch.
<include>
  <extension name="MetaSwitch_Inbound_1">
    <condition field="destination_number" expression="^1000$">
      <action application="set" data="domain_name=$${domain}"/>
      <action application="transfer" data="9998 XML default"/>
    </condition>
  </extension>
  <extension name="MetaSwitch_Inbound_2">
    <condition field="destination_number" expression="^1001$">
      <action application="set" data="domain_name=$${domain}"/>
      <action application="transfer" data="5000 XML default"/>
    </condition>
  </extension>
  <extension name="MetaSwitch_Inbound_3">
    <condition field="destination_number" expression="^1002$">
      <action application="set" data="domain_name=$${domain}"/>
      <action application="transfer" data="3000 XML default"/>
    </condition>
  </extension>
</include>
(conf/dialplan/public/01_MetaSwitch_Inbound.xml)
  • This dialplan transfers all 1+10 digit or 10 digit calls to the MetaSwitch.
<include>
  <extension name="MetaSwitch_Outbound">
    <condition field="destination_number" expression="^(1{0,1}\d{10})$">
      <action application="bridge" data="sofia/gateway/MetaSwitch/$1"/>
    </condition>
  </extension>
</include>
(conf/dialplan/default/00_MetaSwitch_Outbound.xml)

Using FreeSwitch as a MetaSwitch Application Server

Voicemail Server

MetaSwitch Configuration

    • Create a "Configured SIP Binding." Be sure to set "Use DN for identification" or DID will not work properly.
      • Note the username and password assigned.
      • "Usage:" should be set to "Application Server."
      • SIP domain name should be the IP of the MetaSwitch call agent.
      • Contact IP address should be the IP of your FreeSwitch.
      • Double check the port number (if FS is configured as default this should be 5080).
      • Set the Media Gateway model to the one created for FreeSwitch.
    • Create an Application Server on the MetaSwitch
      • Point this at the SIP Binding that was just created
      • Be sure to select the appropriate features for your planned usage

FreeSwitch Configuration

  • Sofia External Profile:
<include>
  <gateway name="MetaSwitch_App">
    <param name="debug" value="0"/>
    <param name="username" value="username"/>
    <param name="realm" value="MetaSwitch-IP"/>
    <param name="password" value="password"/>
    <param name="register" value="false"/>
    <param name="dtmf-type" value="rfc2833"/>
  </gateway>
</include>
(conf/sip_profiles/external/MetaSwitch_App.xml)

After a FreeSwitch restart or mod_sofia reload, the configured SIP binding in the MetaSwitch should go out of alarm.

FreeSwitch Dialplan Examples

  • This dialplan has four extensions.
    • Check_VM_User
  • Check to see if a voicemail box exists for the called number and set a variable that we can check later.
    • MetaSwitch_Check_Voicemail:
      • If the SIP referrer is the same as the from user, the subscriber is dialing his own number. Check Voicemail and do not prompt for a password. This only works for MetaSwitch SIP subscribers.
    • MetaSwitch_Leave_Voicemail:
      • If the SIP referrer is equal to any of our secondary Voicemail check numbers, skip to the next extension (used if you have voicemail check numbers for each NPA/NXX, or just multiple numbers people can dial to check their voicemails). This condition can be removed if that is not the case or left with a dummy expression that will never match.
      • If the SIP referrer is 10 digits but didn't get matched by the first extension, then someone is leaving a voicemail.
    • MetaSwitch_Check_Voicemail_External:
      • The destination number expression should be changed to the directory numbers of the Voicemail server.
      • Check to see if the calling number has a voicemail box, if so the user is calling from his own phone, just prompt for a password. If the calling number does not have a voicemail box, the ser is trying to access his Voicemail from a remote phone. Prompt for the mailbox number and password.
<include>
  <extension name="Check_VM_User" continue="true">
    <condition field="${user_lookup}" expression="^$">
      <action application="set" data="user_lookup=done"/>
      <action application="set" data="vm_user=${user_exists(mailbox ${username} ${sip_req_host})}"/>
      <action application="info"/>
      <action application="transfer" data="${destination_number} XML public"/>
    </condition>
  </extension>
  <extension name="MetaSwitch_Check_Voicemail">
    <condition field="${sip_referred_by_user}" expression="^${sip_from_user}$">
      <action application="voicemail" data="check auth default $${domain} ${sip_referred_by_user}"/>
    </condition>
  </extension>
  <extension name="MetaSwitch_Leave_Voicemail" continue="true">
    <condition field="${sip_referred_by_user}" expression="^(any secondary vm dial in numbers)$" break="on-true"/>
    <condition field="${sip_referred_by_user}" expression="^(\d{10})$" break="on-false">
      <action application="voicemail" data="default $${domain} ${sip_referred_by_user}"/>
    </condition>
  </extension>
  <extension name="MetaSwitch_Check_Voicemail_External">
    <condition field="destination_number" expression="^(main and any secondary voicemail dial in numbers)$"/>
    <condition field="${vm_user}" expression="true" break="on-true">
      <action application="voicemail" data="check default $${domain} ${username}"/>
    </condition>
    <condition field="${vm_user}" expression="false">
      <action application="voicemail" data="check default $${domain}"/>
    </condition>
  </extension>
</include>
(conf/dialplan/default/00_MetaSwitch_Outbound.xml)

MetaSwitch/FreeSwitch Message Waiting Indicator

  • A simple LUA script to send forward MWI notifications to the MetaSwitch, you will need to set the thee variables to match your network. This script will run indefinitely once started, sending off any waiting MWI events every two seconds. Usually set to run automatically at FS startup.
metaIP = "10.10.10.10";
fsIP = "20.20.20.20";
vmANI = "8005551212";

event = freeswitch.EventConsumer("MESSAGE_WAITING");

while true do
	freeswitch.msleep(2000);
	for e in (function() return event:pop() end) do
		mwiNumber = e:getHeader("MWI-Message-Account");
		messWaiting = e:getHeader("MWI-Messages-Waiting");
		voiceMess = e:getHeader("MWI-Voice-Message");
		if not messWaiting then
			messWaiting = "no";
		end
		if not voiceMess then
			voiceMess = "";
		end
		if mwiNumber then		
			mwiNumber = string.sub(mwiNumber, string.find(mwiNumber, "%d+"));
			eout = freeswitch.Event("NOTIFY");
			eout.addHeader(eout, "profile", "external");
			eout.addHeader(eout, "to-uri", "sip:".. mwiNumber .. "@" .. metaIP);
			eout.addHeader(eout, "from-uri", "sip:" .. vmANI .. "@" .. fsIP);
			eoutBody = "Messages-Waiting: " .. messWaiting .. "\r\n" ..
				   "Message-Account: sip:" .. mwiNumber .."@" .. metaIP .. "\r\n" ..
				   "Voice-Message: " .. voiceMess .. "\r\n";
			eout.addBody(eout, eoutBody);
			eout.fire(eout);
		end
	end
end

Outbound App Server

Inbound App Server